The health risks associated with old age

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We all know that getting old is inevitable, however certain associated health risks are somewhat unavoidable as well. While it is advisable to stay fit, eat healthily and enjoy the finer things in moderation, some medical conditions are out of our control.

Nevertheless, it is still of great importance to recognise the problems we might encounter, what can be done to prevent these issues and the steps available for every eventuality.

Arthritis

It has been reported that half of all people aged 65 and older have some form of arthritis. Causing pain and a loss of movement, it can affect any part of the body and usually occurs over a long period of time.

The three most common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout. All three have symptoms including stiffness, swelling, and mild to severe pain.

Treatment for the problem ranges from medicine and surgery, to special exercise regimes or even acupuncture. Some people find that applying heat or cold to the area around the joint can reduce pain, while controlling or losing weight can lessen further damage.

Cardiovascular disease

Research by the British Heart Foundation found that in 2010, 370,00 men and women in the UK over the age of 75died as a result of a cardio vascular disease.Although some of these are congenital, there are several contributing factors to other forms of heart disease such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.

There are numerous steps an individual can take to reduce the chance of suffering from heart related problems, like eating healthily, being active, giving up smoking and reducing stress levels.

In addition to the health-related benefits of these measures, you may also see a reduction in any life insurance premium. So compare deals and find a quote on Moneymatchmaker today.

Mental health

According to the World Health Organisation, the risk of dementia rises sharply with age as an estimated 25-30% of people aged 85 or older have some degree of cognitive decline.

Individuals suffering from the syndrome have problems with memory loss, thinking speed, mental agility, language, understanding and judgement.

Although maintaining independence may become a problem, with help often required from family or friends, an early diagnosis can help to find the right treatment and support.

Loss of vision and hearing

Problems with sight relating to an individuals age includes macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. Regular eye examinations can ensure that you receive the right prescription, whilst modern types of treatment like laser eye surgery can also improve certain conditions.

Going deaf is another problem associated with growing old, as almost half of those over 65 suffer from some sort of hearing loss. A physical examination will help find the problem, which is most commonly found to presbyacusis,a degeneration of part of the inner ear.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for age-related hearing loss and it can sometimes lead to deafness. Hearing aids or a cochlear implant are some of the ways to deal with the issue.

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